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  Published: 28/03/2018





Clinical Pharmacology is the scientific discipline that involves all aspects of the relationship between drugs and humans. Drugs are the main therapeutic tools of physicians and hence clinical pharmacology is a core skill for all physicians. Formal training in clinical pharmacology encompasses all aspects of safe, effective and rational use of medicines applied at individual, group and population levels.

Clinical pharmacologists work toward rational, evidence-based, cost-effective use of drugs in four domains:

1. Clinical medicine: clinical consultation, clinical toxicology, therapeutic drug monitoring, pharmacogenetics and, often, hospital practice in a second specialty

2. Policy and governance: including drug regulation, serving on national and local committees

3. Research: both within the discipline and in supporting and advising other disciplines on research related to medicines

4. Education: undergraduate and post-graduate.

Advanced Training in Clinical Pharmacology is well suited to dual training and most clinical pharmacologists in Australasia have trained in a second specialty. Research is integral to the discipline and a research degree is encouraged as part of Advanced Training in Clinical Pharmacology. Training is not confined to hospitals; for example, it may include time in universities, pathology laboratories, regulatory bodies, or the pharmaceutical industry.